Upland Game Birds
Ring-necked pheasant measure from 30" to 36" and have a long pointed tail. Males have a red patch around their eye, dark green heads, and a white ring around the neck. The body is patterned in an iridescent yellowish brown. The female has blotches sandy brown in color and has a shorter tail.
Ring-necked pheasant make a loud "caw-cawk" sound followed by a resonant flapping of the wings. When alarmed these birds fly off while producing a loud cackle.
Ring-necked pheasant inhabit fertile cropland, cultivated grain fields, and grassy woodland edges.
Adults feed primarily upon waste grains, weed seeds, soft mast, and insects which are located by scratching.
Ring-necked pheasant will lay anywhere from 6 to 15 olive-colored eggs. The nest is built in a grass-lined depression that's well concealed in grass or weeds.
Ring-necked pheasant - native to Asia - were introduced to and range from British Columbia, Alberta, Minnesota, Ontario, and the Maritime Provinces south to California, Oklahoma, and Maryland.
- Ring-necked pheasant were successfully introduced in North American in 1881 in the Willamette Valley of Oregon. They were imported from their native range in Asia and China.
- Pheasant usually need only a minimum of cover.
- Pheasant are polygamous. One male will support a harem of up to 12 hens.
- Nesting often occurs just outside cities.
- Pheasant live very well in most grassland habitats, but thrive in the central plains of North American.